Kalachakra

por Luis A. Hernández R. el 18 de abril de 2004

Command of Rigden Djapo (The Lord of Shambhala). 1927. Tempera on canvas. 72.3x109.2 cm. Nicholas Roerich Museum, New York.

Kalachakra” es La Rueda del Tiempo.

El tiempo es un río que me arrebata, pero yo soy el río;
es un tigre que me destroza, pero yo soy el tigre;
es un fuego que me consume, pero yo soy el fuego.
Jorge Luis Borges

En las visitas sucesivas que nos hizo, el Sumo Sacerdote habló más de una vez de Kalachakra, atribuyendo a esta doctrina no sólo un significado religioso, sino una aplicación práctica a la vida, como un verdadero yoga…
Nicolás Roerich, El Corazón de Asia, pag. 89.

Agni Yoga” es el Yoga del Fuego.

La doctrina de Kalachakra se remonta al año 1027 de nuestra era, en que fue divulgada por Atisha. Es el yoga de la utilización de las energías superiores. Desde tiempos antiguos se fundaron escuelas especiales de Shambhala en unos cuantos monasterios, los más ilustrados; pero Tashi-Lumpo fue siempre el centro principal del vital yoga, porque los Tashi-Lamas han sido los grandes protectores de Kalachakra y estaban íntimamente vinculados con Shambhala.
Nicolás Roerich, El Corazón de Asia, pag. 89.

Shamballa es el lugar Donde la Volundad de Dios es Conocida.

Shambhala is manifested under the most varying Aspects, in relation to the concepts of a century. It is correct to study all the cycles of the legends of Asia. […] You observed justly that the facts about the Kalachakra are passed over in silence; this is due not only to ignorance but to an abhorrence of touching the fundamentals. Humanity passes over with equal shudders all the wells of knowledge—this applies to all worlds—and people will shudder just as much over the world of Fire.
Fiery World I, 97.

I approve of the Kalachakra, now being compiled. This fiery Teaching is covered with dust, but it should be proclaimed. Not reason but wisdom gave this Teaching. It should not be left in the hands of ignorant exponents. Many domains of knowledge are united in the Kalachakra; only the unprejudiced mind can find its way among these stratifications of all worlds.
Fiery World I, 212.

Kalachakra” (the Wheel of Time, or the Wheel of the Law) is the Teaching ascribed to the various Lords of Shambhala. Traces of this Teaching can be found in almost all the philosophical systems and teachings of India. At the present time, it is perhaps more known in Tibet. But in reality this Teaching is the Great Revelation brought to humanity at the dawn of its conscious evolution in the third race of the fourth cycle of Earth by the Lords of Fire, the Sons of Reason who were and are the Lords of Shambhala.
Letters Of Helena Roerich I, 5 March 1935.

La Doctrina de Shambhala es una verdadera Doctrina de Vida. Como en los Yogas hindúes, esta Doctrina enseña el uso de las más nobles energías que llenan el macrocosmos y que se manifiestan en forma igualmente poderosa en nuestro microcosmos.
Nicolás Roerich, El Corazón de Asia, pag. 130.

Kalachakra (“Cycles of Time”) is a system of Buddhist tantric practice for the attainment of enlightenment to be able to benefit others as much as is possible. Part of its meditation system deals with the cycles of breath and of subtle energies in the body. It structures that meditation according to parallels with astronomical features, such as the orbital periods of heavenly bodies. Kalachakra then draws a picture of history, geography, and physiology that parallels this structure, so that meditation will be analogous to all of them.
The Berzin Archives

Kalachakra, meaning cycles of time, has many levels of symbolism, as all tantra practices do. The symbolism reveals itself in the world picture Kalachakra presents in the form of a mandala palace and 722 Buddha-figures dwelling within and around it. Traditional texts explain the symbolism in terms of realizations of various aspects of the Kalachakra path to enlightenment. Nevertheless […] the Kalachakra empowerment is associated with promoting world peace […]
The Berzin Archives

La Bandera de la Paz” es El Sello de Shambhala.

Peace starts within each one of us. When we have inner peace, we can be at peace with those around us.”
His Holiness the XIVth Dalai Lama

“Buddhist Kalachakra Teaching of Shamballa”

Shamballa is mentioned in many Buddhist texts, such as the White Vaidurya, the Sphere of Shambhala (Shambhala Sin–bkod–pa), the Blue Annals (Deb–ther Snon–po), the Kanjour and Tanjour, and the Route to Shambhala (Lam–yig).

The Kalachakra Tantra, however, has been intimately connected with the country of Shambala – its ninety–six districts, its kings, and retinue. Still, if you lay out a map and search for Shambala, it is not findable; rather, it seems to be a pure land which, except for those karma and merit have ripened, cannot be immediately seen or visited. As is the case, for example, with the Joyous Pure Land…, Sky Territories, the Blissful Pure Land, Mount Da-La, and so forth, even though Shambala is an actual land – an actual pure land – it is not immediately approachable by ordinary persons such as by buying an airplane ticket. Perhaps, if, in the future, spacecrafts improve to the point where they can proceed faster than light, it might be possible to arrive there, but the tickets might be expensive! In fact we can consider the tickets to be meritorious actions, and thus it takes someone rich in merit to arrive there.

According to Buddhist teachings, Suchandra is the King of Shamballa, who requested the Buddha to disseminate its teachings. To the Buddhist, Shamballa is three things: A yogic symbol of the state of Kalachakra attainment, a pure land, and an actual physical place. Shamballa stands resplendent as a place where those of clear heart and positive karma can take rebirth in an environment of happiness and enlightenment.

The Kalachakra Tantra first entered Tibet from India in the eleventh century and has been handed down in an unbroken lineage to the Dalai Lama and other eminent lamas of today. The Dalai Lama constructs the Kalachakra mandala privately and publicly.

Kalachakra is an aspect of Buddha–mind representing Time and Space; past, present, future come together in a timeless union of wisdom and compassion.

Sand mandalas of the Kalachakra are constructed as part of an ‘empowerment’ or initiation given by a Ritual Master. The Dalai Lama ‘grants permission’ to students who wish to practice the meditation of a particular deity associated with that mandala. This is called ‘Deity Yoga’ in the Tibetan Vajrayana or Tantric practice of Buddhism. Kalachakra empowerment given by the Dalai Lama usually takes twelve days.

The Kalachakra practitioner aims for transformation of body, speech, mind and consciousness into pristine awareness; the enlightened bliss consciousness of the deity being visualised. At the end of Kalachakra retreats, the sand mandala is swept up and the sand is offered to a local body of water in order to share the blessing with all beings. Sand is a universal symbol of time—the sands of time, the sand in the hourglass.

Buddhists regard the Kalachakra mandala at Shamballa as a blueprint for the planet. The sages of Shamballa (Kumaras, Chohans and Masters) perform its meditational practice, or Sadhana, to implement the Plan on Earth.

There is a further belief that the Kings of Shamballa are incarnate Bodhisattvas who guard the spiritual wisdom through the darker Kali Yuga cycle, and will return to re–establish a golden age.”

“Vajrayana or Diamond Way”

Tantric Buddhism is the pinnacle of Tibetan Buddhism, representing the teachings of the Kalachakra Tantra. Tantras are religious scriptures dealing with magical rites, rituals and ceremonies. The Tantric teachings are divided into four classes, each more advanced than the preceding one—beginning with purification of mind and body, leading to a ‘realisation of emptiness’ and eventually to the final ‘liberation’.

Kalachakra tantra is the highest class (Anuttara Yoga) and the most involved and complex of tantric teachings. Kalachakra tries to embrace all phenomena in the universe—astronomy, geography, history, prophecy. Its major emphasis is upon time and astrology, and the mathematics needed for calculations.

The Kalachakra practitioner seeks to find the cyclical patterns of forces that regulate existence, from which are derived the Tibetan calendar and astrology.

The primordial Buddha gives rise to the Wheel of Time, the cycle of creation and destruction, of unceasing change, that defines our existence. Through practice of Kalachakra, the yogi comes to understand this wheel and to realise the emptiness of time and space.

Kalachakra symbolises the timeless nature of time seen as a whole. Shamballa is engrossed in the Eternal Now, and from this emanates the peace of Shamballa.”

“Kalachakra Mandala”

The Kalachakra mandala is a cosmogram of the outer and inner worlds in idealised form, free from imperfections. In Sanskrit, ‘kala’ means ‘time’ and ‘chakra’ is ‘wheel’. ‘Kala–chakra’, therefore, is ‘The Wheel of Time’; it is a process and an event.

The Wheel of Time implies cycles and therefore astrology, the Science of Cycles. Saturn of course, rules astrology and cycles generally, and is also the Lord of Karma. When the Wheel turns full circle, karma is reaped by Saturn’s ‘sickle’; perhaps there is a connection here with the word ‘cycle’: Saturn harvests karma with his sickle, which delineates the end of one cycle and the start of a new one. It is interesting that Saturn is exalted in Libra, a sign intimately related to Shamballa, as described later.

The Wheel of Time is also known as a Peace Mandala, or a road map to the universe, and is the most complex of Buddhist mandalas. It describes the interrelationship of heavenly bodies, the workings of the human body/mind—the macrocosm and the microcosm. It also describes the stages of meditation followed on the path to inner peace. That inner peace attained is the Peace of Shamballa, and hence relates to Libra the Peacemaker.

It is not just the peace attained through the right relationship of nations, but the peace that is cultivated within every individual through relationship between the soul and that which is unredeemed in the personality: the pairs of opposites—love/hate, dark/light, anger/joy, fear/courage etc. This guarantees eventual peace in the world through ‘meritorious action’ and so an ‘airplane ticket to Shamballa’.”

“DK and Kalachakra”

The basic text of the Kalachakra system is the Kalachakra Tantra, first of the Books of Kiu Te. This latter text happens to be the skeleton of ancient stanzas upon which The Secret Doctrine is based. (Apparently there is also a voluminous commentary by Vimalaprabha on the Books of Kiu Te.) It is generally acknowledged that DK is one of the foremost Kalachakra masters of Tibet:

“He [DK] is profoundly learned, and knows more about the rays and planetary hierarchies of the solar system than anyone else in the ranks of the Masters.”

DK maintained that the teachings on Shamballa were the most important that he had transmitted. Approximately three fifths of the Kalachakra’s system is in the works of HPB and AAB. The Seven Rays teachings are the Tibetan tantras unveiled.

The Kalachakra is about utilisation of the primary energy—the energy of fire (Sanskrit: ‘agni’), hence the newest yoga emerging for humanity, Agni Yoga. DK calls Agni Yoga the ‘yoga of synthesis’ and has hinted that, “A very interesting period will come about the year 1966 and persist to the end of the century.”

1966 saw the first publication of the Kalachakra tantra outside of Tibet, opening up scholarly access. In 1985 three books on the Kalachakra were published in English for first time in the West. 1966 coincides with another important date given by DK:

“In the time of the Buddha and through the stimulation He produced there was a great gathering in of Arhats. These were men who had achieved liberation through self-initiated effort. This period, in our Aryan race, marked a climax for the East. Since then the tide of spiritual life has steadily flowed westward, and we may now look for a corresponding climax in the West, which will reach its zenith between the years 1965 and 2025. Towards this end the adepts of the East and of the West are unitedly working, for they follow always the Law.”

The 2000 Shamballa impact was right in the middle of this period, and calls to mind a further comment by DK:

“The Buddha and His 900 arhats struck the first blow at the world glamour when He promulgated His Four Noble Truths. The Christ struck the second blow with His teaching of the nature of individual responsibility and of brotherhood. The next blow will be struck by the New Group of World Servers, acting under the direction of Christ and His disciples, symbolically described as “Christ and His 9000 initiates.”

There is a connection between the Shamballa teachings and the Tashi Lhunpo monastery in Tibet, founded in the fifteenth century after the death of Tsong Ka Pa, said by HPB to be a reincarnation of the Buddha. The Panchen (Tashi) Lama of Tibet is known to be one of the foremost practitioners of the Kalachakra teachings. He constructs each year a large Kalachakra mandala at a private retreat attached to his residence—said to be the seat of the secret school of the Masters of Wisdom. The Panchen or Tashi Lama is the head of this monastery and is the inner equivalent to the Dalai Lama whose work is more exoteric.

Tashi Lhunpo is located near Shigatse, abode of several of the Masters of Wisdom, and may be the monastery to which DK refers when he mentions himself as holding the office of Abbot. HPB also mentions this monastery in her writings.” [5]

This Taurus festival of 2004 is regarded by many as the high point of the spiritual year and can be participated in on the inner planes by those who to choose to align themselves. It is a time of great opportunity, to participate in the downflow of forces said to emanate from a triangle formed by Sanat Kumara, the Buddha and the Christ, who in turn step it down to the assembled Hierarchy who further step it down to the disciples and initiates of the world and the rest of Humanity.

http://www.esotericastrologer.org/EA%20Essays/10%20EAnewsletterMay04.htm

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Para saber más:

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Bibliografía
[1]: Taking the Kalachakra Initiation, Alexander Berzin, Snow Lion, 1997 ISBN 1-55939-084-0
[2]: Commentary given by Kirti Tsenshab Rinpoche December 1989, Bodh Gaya India
[3]: The Wheel of Time, the Kalachakra in context. Geshe Lhundub Sopa et al, Snow Lion, 1985
[4]: Kalacakra Sadhana and Social Responsibility, David Reigle, Spirit of the Sun Publications 1996.
[5]: The Inner Kalacakratantra, Vesna Wallace, Oxford University press 2001.

[6]: The Practice of Kalachakra, Glenn H. Mullin

Abril 18 de 2004
Luna Nueva de Aires